Why is destiny included in the essentials of belief?
Destiny and manís free will, which marks the farthest point of perfection
of oneís belief and submission, is something related to the inner experience
and spiritual state of a believer, so it is not something indicated by science
or theory. Man has free will, and is enjoined to follow the religious obligations.
He cannot by any means ascribe his sins to God. Divine Destiny exists so that
the believer does not grow proud of his good acts by ascribing them to himself.
Man has free will so that the rebellious carnal self does not rid itself of
the consequences of its sins by ascribing them to Destiny, and the pious person
conceitedly ascribe his good acts to himself alone.
While it may be admissible for people to relate some misfortunes to Divine
Destiny, so as not to be driven to despair in the face of calamities, no one
can be absolved from his sins and exempted from his obligations by attributing
everything to Destiny. So, belief in Destiny has been included among the principles
of faith to preserve man from self-conceit, and manís free will is recognized
as the ground of his sins.
Man is completely responsible for his sins, because it is he himself who
wills to commit them, and then does so. Sins are the cause of much disorder
and destruction, so they may merit a terrible punishmentóto cite an example,
a house can easily be burnt to the ground just by the striking of a match. On
the other hand, man has no right to boast about his good acts since, in reality,
he has little share in them. It is the Divine Compassion which demands good
acts and the Power of the Lord which creates them. God guides man to good acts
and makes him succeed in willing and doing them, so the cause of a manís good
acts is the Divine Will. A man can possess and own them by means of faith and
by praying to God to be able to deserve them, consciously believing in the necessity
of performing them and being pleased with what God has ordained for him. It
is man himself, on the other hand, who causes sins either through capacity and
disposition or through choice and preference, just as the pure bright sunlight
can cause some substances which are subject to decomposition to go bad and putrefy.
Man wills and commits sins, but it is God Who creates all his acts whether
they are good or bad. God creates a sinful act as a requirement of a law He
established for the life of man and the universe for many good purposes. Although
man derives much benefit from rain, a person who has suffered some harm because
of it cannot say that rain does not contain Godís grace for man. It is on account
of this subtle reality that willing and committing evil deeds is evil but creating
them is not. Although there may be an evil in creating evil deeds on the part
of man, creation is absolutely good by its very nature and contains many instances
of good for the general operation and life of the universe as well as for the
one who wills and commits that evil. Ugliness in a manís acts lies in his will
and potential, not in Godís creating it.
As Divine Destiny is absolutely free from evil and ugliness in relation to
results, it is also exempt from injustice on account of the causes. Divine Destiny
always takes into consideration the primary cause, not the apparent secondary
cause, and always does justice. Men, on the other hand, judge according to the
apparent causes and draw the wrong conclusions. To cite an example, a court
may condemn a person to imprisonment on a charge of theft, and do injustice
because he has not committed any such crimeóhowever, Divine Destiny actually
passes this judgment on account of the murder which that person committed but
which remained secret. Thus, while the court has done injustice by condemning
him on a charge of which he is innocent, Divine Destiny has done justice by
punishing him for a crime which remained unknown. It can be concluded from this
example that God is absolutely just in all His acts, whilst man is liable to
do injustice. Divine Destiny and Creation is absolutely free from evil and ugliness
at the beginning and at the end of events, and on account of cause and results.