What is the relation of human attainments of learning and scientific
progress with the divine names?
In describing all the attainments of learning and scientific progress,
and wonders of technology with which man has been endowed because of his
vast potential under the title of ‘the teaching of the Names’, the verse
quoted above alludes to a fine point which is as follows:
All attainments and perfections, all learning, all progress, and all
sciences, each have an elevated reality which is based on one of the Divine
Names. It is through being based on a certain Name, which manifests itself
through numerous veils and in various ways and levels, that a particular
branch of science or art attains its perfection and becomes reality.
Otherwise, it remains something imperfect, deficient and shadowy.
For example, engineering is a science. Its reality lies in the Divine
Names, the All-Just (One Who gives everything a certain measure and creates
everything just in its place) and the Determiner, and its final aim is to
receive the wise manifestations of those Names in full measure and with all
Medicine is an art as well as a science. Its reality lies in the Divine
Name, the All-Healing and its perfection in finding a cure for every illness
by discovering the manifestations of mercy of the Absolutely Wise One in the
earth, which is His vast ‘pharmacy’.
Again, each of the natural sciences, which discuss the reality of
entities, can be a true science full of wisdom only by discerning in things
the regulating, directing, administering, sustaining and all-embracing
manifestations of the Divine Name, the All-Wise, and in the benefits and
advantages of those things, and by being based on that Name. Otherwise they
either become superstition and nonsense, or cause misguidance like
Out of many, these are only three examples for you! You may compare with
these the other sciences and attainments.
With the verse, He taught Adam the names, all of them (2:31) the wise
Qur’an points to the highest points, the furthest limits, the final degrees,
from which, at the present level of his progress, man is far away, and urges
him towards them. This verse is extremely rich and elaborate in meaning but
for now I will go no further.
The Qur’an is the greatest of all the prophetic miracles, and Prophet
Muhammad was endowed in full will all the levels of all the Divine Names.
The wise Qur’an is the supreme miracle of the Prophet Muhammad, upon him
be peace and blessings, the seal of the office of Prophethood, the leader of
the Prophets and cause of pride of all beings. To his cause of Messengership
the miracles of all the previous Prophets are like a single miracle. He was
endowed in full with all the levels of all the Names which were taught in
brief to Adam, upon him be peace. The Prophet Muhammad, upon him be peace
and blessings, by raising his finger in a mood of majesty, split the moon,
and by lowering it in manifestation of grace, made water flow from it
abundantly; and he was verified and corroborated by hundreds of miracles.
Through numerous clear verses like,
Say: ‘If men and jinn banded together to produce the like of this Qur’an,
they would never produce its like, not though they backed one another.’
which expresses the purity of its explanation and the eloquence of its
expression, the comprehensiveness of its meanings, and the sublimity and
sweetness of its styles which together constitute one of the most brilliant
aspects of the Qur’an’s miraculousness—through verses like these, it
attracts the attention of men and jinn to the most manifest and brilliant
aspects of that Eternal Miracle. It provokes all men and jinn. Stirring up
the zeal of its friends and the obstinacy of its enemies, it encourages and
stimulates them with great intensity to produce a like of it, to imitate it,
and to resemble it with their words. It places that miracle before the eyes
of creatures as if the only aim in man coming into this world is to take it
as his goal and guiding principle in life, and studying it, to advance
consciously and knowingly to the goal destined in man’s creation.
In brief: The miracles of the other Prophets, upon them be peace, each
point to a wonder of human arts or crafts and technology, and the miracle of
Adam, upon him be peace, indicates in concise, summarized from, besides the
basis of those crafts, the indexes of the sciences and branches of
knowledge, and of wonders and perfections, and urges man towards them. As
for the Qur’an of Miraculous Expression, the supreme miracle of Muhammad,
upon him be peace and blessings, being the object of the manifestations of
all the Divine Names in their fullness, it shows fully the true goal of
sciences and all branches of knowledge, and the perfections, attainments,
and happiness pertaining to this world and the next. Also, with truly
powerful encouragement, it urges man towards them. It urges in such a way
that it means:
O man! The sublime aim in the creation of this universe is your response
to the manifestation of Divine Lordship—administering, directing, training
and sustaining—with universal worship, while your furthest aim is to realize
that worship through sciences, attainments and perfections.
The Qur’an states this in such a way that through it it hints:
For sure, at the end of time, mankind will all pour into science and
learning. They will derive all strength from science. Power and rule will
pass to the hand of science and knowledge.
Also, by frequently emphasizing its eloquence and beauty of style, the
Qur’an of Miraculous Expression suggests:
At the end of time, eloquence and beauty of expression, which are the
most brilliant of sciences and branches of knowledge, will be most sought
after in all their varieties. Even, in order to make one another accept
their opinions and exercise their rule, men will find their most effective
weapon in eloquent expression, and their most irresistible force in fine
In short: Most of the Qur’an’s verses are each a key to a treasury of
perfections and a store of knowledge. If you would like to ascend to the sky
of the Qur’an and reach up to the stars of its verses, make those twenty
Words, which you have already read, a stairway of twenty steps, and climb to
them. You will see what a brilliant, shining sun the Qur’an is! Notice how
it radiates a pure light over the Divine truths and the truths of the
contingent (created) realm! See what a brilliant light it spreads!
Conclusion: Since the verses concerning the Prophets contain some
allusions to the wonders of the present level of technology, and have a
manner of expression which suggests their furthest limits, and since it is
certain, as is unanimously agreed, that each verse of the Qur’an bears a
great variety of meanings, and since there are categorical commands to
follow and obey the Prophets, then besides their explicit meanings, the
verses mentioned above must be pointing to the importance of man’s arts and
sciences, and urging man towards them.