Could you give examples of the predictions of God's
Messenger concerning his own time?
- As reported by authentic books of Tradition including Sahih al-Bukhari,
one day, God’s Messenger mounted the pulpit. With the highest dignity and
solemnity, he first delivered a sermon and then told the congregation to
ask him whatever they wished to. They asked him different questions and
then a young man stood up and asked who his father was. Since illicit
intercourse was widespread in pre-Islamic times, this young man, whose
name was ‘Abd Allah, was said by some to be the son of one other than the
man whom he called ‘father’. God’s Messenger told him that his father was
Hudafa al-Sahmi, the one whom ‘Adbullah called ‘father’. Freed from
groundless accusations, ‘Adbullah was relieved and thereafter was called
‘Adbullah ibn Hudafa al-Sahmi.
People continued to ask questions until, eventually, ‘Umar, noticing the
anger of God’s Messenger, upon him be peace and blessings, stood up and
said: ‘We are pleased with God as our Lord, with Islam as our religion,
and with Muhammad as our Messenger’. This eased the Prophet and he came
down from the pulpit.9
This event took place before the whole congregation of the Companions and
no one was re-ported to contradict God’s Messenger that day.
- ‘Umar reports in a narration recorded in Sahih al-Muslim:
Before the Battle of Badr started, God’s Messenger walked around the
battlefield and pointed to some locations, saying, Abu Jahl will be killed
here, Utba here, Shayba here, Walid here, and so on. By God, we found,
after the battle, the dead bodies of all those men in the exact places
that God’s Messenger had pointed out.10
- Ahmad ibn Hanbal reports:
One day, God’s Messenger, upon him be peace and blessings, was sitting in
the mosque together with his Companions. He told them: In a few minutes, a
man with a shining face will come. He is one of the best people of the
Yemen and he has on his forehead the print of the hand of an an-gel.
After a short while the man did come and, kneeling before God’s Messenger,
upon him be peace and blessings, proclaimed his conversion. He was Jarir
ibn ‘Adbullah al-Bajali.11
- In his Dala’il al-Nubuwwa, Bayhaqi narrates:
Abu Sufyan accepted Islam during the conquest of Makka, but belief had not
yet been established firmly in his heart. While God’s Messenger, upon him
be peace and blessings, was circum-ambulating the Ka’ba, it occurred to
him: ‘I wonder what would happen if I formed a new army to confront this
man once more.’ No sooner had he conceived of this than God’s Messenger,
upon him be peace and blessings, approached him and said: If you do, then
God will defeat you once again.12
This led Abu Sufyan to have a more established belief and he begged God’s
forgiveness. He too, understood that the Messenger, upon him be peace and
blessings, was taught by God, the All-Knowing.
- As related in the reliable books of Tradition, ‘Umayr ibn Wahb, who
was called a ‘diabolic man’ prior to his conversion, conspired with Safwan
ibn Umayya to assassinate God’s Messenger.
‘Umayr arrived in Madina to carry out his plot and, pretending to be a
Muslim, was taken to the mosque. The Companions had no confidence in
‘Umayr so they formed a ‘stronghold’ of bodies around God’s Messenger,
upon him be peace and blessings. The Messenger asked ‘Umayr why he had
come to Madina. Many lies as he invented, he could not convince God’s
Messenger, who retorted to him at last: As you are not telling the truth,
I will tell it. You conspired with Safwan to kill me in return for a
‘Umayr was struck by this answer and, holding the Prophet’s hands tightly
in awe and amazement, became a Muslim. He became so deeply committed to
Islam that he came to be called ‘a most ascetic devotee of Islam.’13
9. Bukhari, Fitan, 15.
10. Muslim, Janna, 76, 77.
11. I. Hanbal, 4.360–4.
12. I. Kathir, al-Bidaya, 4.348; Bayhaqi, Dala’il
13. Ibn Hajar, al-Isaba fi Tamyiz al-Sahaba, 3.36.